Animal Iguanas Pests In America, But Business Fields In Indonesia

What animal is an iguana?

Iguanas (Iguanidaes) are among the animals that belong to the lizard species that were first discovered in the tropical forests of the Americas and Caribbean Islands. The animal was first introduced by an Austrian scientist named Joshepus Nicolaus Laeurenti in 1768. Photo by Abhisek Mandal

Iguanas are four-legged reptiles (Tetrapods) that fall into the category of order Squamata and part of the Iguana infraordo. The term iguana comes from Taino is one of the native tribes of the Americas namely "Iwana" which means lizard, the body length of the iguana is 1.5 meters to 1.8 meters or almost 2 meters also including the length of the tail. So far, the genus Iguana consists of only two species, namely green Iguana (Green Iguana) and small Iguana Antilles (Iguana Delicatissima).

What are the characteristics of Iguanas?
A distinctive feature of iguanas is that they have a crest located under their jaws and almost the same as a rooster/male. As well as rows of scales that form large spines on the upper part of his body that line from the neck of the head to the base of the tail.

In addition, Iguana also has an organ that is almost similar to the eyes, at the top of its head or also referred to as parietal eyes so that the Iguana has a sharp vision and is good for movement, color, shadow, and seeing distant objects. In addition, the eye on the iguana is also used as a means of communicating with fellow iguanas.

Iguanas, also have sharp teeth and can sever their tails (Autotomies) such as lizards if disturbed or threatened by other predators because they are still a type of lizard animal. But the regeneration of the new tail will not be the same as the original tail before it breaks off.

What are some Iguana foods?

Although it is classified as a type of reptile that looks creepy, Iguana is an animal that belongs to herbivorous animals, such as a plant-eating animal. In the wild, iguanas feed on flowers, leaves, and fruits. But reptile lovers usually feed such as beans, carrots, pumpkins, papaya, mustard bananas, toge, romaine/cos lettuce, and kale.

Additional food for the iguana maybe a snack for him, occasionally giving fruits such as apples, watermelons, melons, and bananas. However, for beginners, if going to keep iguanas it is highly discouraged to feed insects such as German caterpillars, crickets, grasshoppers, and types of worms. Because basically, iguanas are herbivorous animals not omnivorous or carnivorous. Since it is not very good for the digestion of the iguana itself, the iguana has a different digestive system to carnivorous animals. The digestion of iguanas is the same as that of goats, and cows that also feed only on vegetation.

How do iguanas multiply?

Iguanas reach sexual maturity after about 7 months of age and are commonly mated around the age of 2 - 3 years. And the difference between males and females is

1. For males the iguana has a longer and wider board, while the female is more dominant the beard is short.

2. Males have a large body size or body when growing up compared to smaller females.

3. In addition, the head of the male iguana looks more stocky and macho, very visible on the right and left cheeks, but in contrast to the female looks ordinary and the head is small.

Iguanas multiply by laying eggs, and in one egg-laying iguana is able to produce 20 - 30 eggs, it is very dependent on the nutrients it acquires. Eggs will hatch after the egg hatching period by male iguanas that last 90 to 120 days or more and sometimes will only hatch live around 80 - 90% only, but does not close to the possibility that iguana eggs can hatch all of them.

News info about Iguana at a glance

1. Iguanas become pests in Florida America.

Although this iguana is one of the reptiles that are quite popular to be kept in Indonesia, actually in America, this reptile is a pest animal for citizens. I found news information from this, "Green iguanas multiply very quickly and have become pests in some parts of southern Florida, USA. And reported by The Guardian, the Florida Wildlife Commission encourages people to kill the iguanas that have become pests for locals." Actually, this iguana is not so dangerous for humans, but the problem is that this animal belongs to the type of pest animals that exist in America, therefore in its home country this animal is allowed to be killed.

2. Promising iguana livestock business

However, there is also other interesting information from the news site, namely "A young couple from Madiun, named Kristiana Rosa and Setia Dama Putra Pamungkas have made iguanas as income fields, not just a hobby of keeping reptiles. 
Even the husband willingly resigned from his main job to help his wife take care of the inductees of iguanas. Because during the covid-19 pandemic many are looking for iguanas to be used as pets. And in one month they can sell up to 10 iguanas, you know." 
It is interesting to resign from the main job and prefer to raise iguanas full time, but I personally think that the iguana livestock business is also quite promising, I also admit it if the iguana livestock business is quite profitable because I personally also take care of these reptiles with this type of super red iguana.

3. Get rich with iguana business only

As I said before, in America this animal becomes a pest, but in Indonesia, it becomes a business farm animal that makes an iguana breeder in Jember reap a lot of profit. Information from the
"This business is quite promising. Iguana enthusiasts are very many, "said Yusuf Radisyah iguana breeder in Jember. The price is quite varied, for a one-month-old type of green iguana around Rp 350 thousand the cheapest iguana. While albino iguanas are offered to start from Rp 7.5 million per head but there are other types priced around Rp 100 million per head even more. 
The price is quite expensive yes, it can be up to millions and even hundreds of millions of rupiah per head. Of course, increasing the spirit for reptile lovers who have a hobby of maintaining Iguanas can also make business fields such as Mr. Yusuf Radisyah.

Tips and advice on caring for Iguanas

How to treat iguanas?

1. Regular feeding of iguanas, but not an origin. 

Regular and correct feeding can make iguanas healthier and fatter. For fat, I mean not fat because of disease yes, because there is one disease that usually attacks iguanas that is Bladder Stone (Kidney stone in iguanas). It must hurt so much, a pity if the iguana has a disease, the last solution iguana should be in the surgery to take bladder stone ya at the vet.
For the feeding of iguanas, as I said above, iguanas feed on herbs and fruits. Well, I recommend feeding variedly, so that iguanas do not get bored. Feed vegetables such as mustard, carrots, toge, and flower shoes (if any) you can also directly mix them into one (2 types of vegetables) according to the portion of an iguana. Every now and then you give an iguana with fruits such as papaya, pumpkin, melon, and banana. 

2. Drying and bathing iguanas to stay clean and healthy

Do not be mistaken for humans who bathe, but if you keep reptiles on this one, it is advisable to regularly bathe them. To bathe the iguana it is highly recommended to bathe it with warm water mixed with betel leaves (if any). Just put a few strands of betel leaf in the water, then soak the iguana while occasionally you rub the iguana's body parts, especially those affected by dirt (use a toothbrush). Because according to research that iguana feces contain salmonella bacteria. 
Well, after you bathe you dry the iguana to get about 15 minutes of sunlight because it is very good for the digestive system of iguanas and the growth of iguana bones. The best and good time to dry an iguana is from 08.00 - 10.00 am and 16.00 - 17.30 pm. However, during the rainy season sometimes it is difficult to get sunlight, you can use UV A and UV B lamps for Reptiles. Many are sold in online stores you can get them there.

3. Care about the cleanliness of the iguana cage

If you care about the physical condition of iguanas regularly bathe, feed to the maximum but the cleanliness of the cage does not what you care about it is the same. The ends will be affected by diseases for your iguanas even you may be susceptible to disease as well because iguana feces contain salmonella bacteria.

So, try your best to always maintain the cleanliness of the cage, if it can be cleaned daily, washed, or just sprayed with running water mixed with soap or detol to taste. Also, pay attention to the size of your iguana, do not let the iguana is already large does not match the size of the cage. In addition to hurting the iguana itself, it also makes iguanas easily stressed due to lack of movement.

4. Play iguanas outside the cage

Actually, reptile iguanas are easy to tame, so you try to occasionally invite your iguanas to play outside the cage. The more often you hold and invite him to play certainly makes the iguana tamer and will be closer to you. I'm sure, if you take care of and maintain the iguana properly, especially often invite him to play iguana you will certainly be tame, in fact, it will probably be the same as the person who takes care of him.

"It looks creepy, horrible, and ludicrous maybe it's an expression of them - those who are afraid of reptiles, but that doesn't mean reptiles can't be friends and pets" Blitarzon

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